Adam Drobniak, Dean, Spatial Economy and Regions in Transition, University of Economics in Katowice
Marcin Baron (University of Economics in Katowice) – Poland,
Artur Ochojski (University of Economics in Katowice) – Poland
The presentation seeks an answer for the question of what will determine the success of the Just Transition (JT), pointing to the dilemmas faced by this process in Polish coal regions, i.e. regions that create the largest number of jobs in mining in the scale of the European Union (EU), and facing the most drastic change in the context of the energy transition (ET).
Transition dilemmas are perceived as problematic situations, that have arisen in the process of planning and implementing JT in Poland, in which a difficult choice has to be made between two or more alternatives.
Due to the scale of the ET and the complexity of JT processes in Poland this kind of changes require bold vision, knowledge, leadership, multi-sector collaboration and a broad social contract. Unfortunately, in Poland, for various reasons, there is a visible defragmentation of JT process, i.e. the lack of a broad agreement between regional and central stakeholders, as well as the lack of a framework encouraging multi-stakeholder cooperation along the lines of: HEIs, R&D, enterprises, traditional sector, non-government organizations, trade unions, and communities.
Without developing a consensus on desired changes related to JT at the central and regional level, including the introduction of real dialogue and the creation of high-quality transition projects, the implementation of the European Green Deal and spending of Just Transition Fund (JTF) will be difficult and likely to be characterized by low effectiveness.