s1 Research Stream One The first of four research threads is a five-year longitudinal study of workers affected by closures across the automotive industry. A number of participants will be selected using a sampling approach that accounts for gender, location, previous employment with an OEM (original equipment manufacturer) or supply chain firm, occupation and Culturally and Linguistically Diverse background. The survey will assess the efficacy of private and public investments in pre-retrenchment counselling and training, by collecting data which will help us understand: Which factors affect decisions to exit or stay in the labour marketWhich factors improve the chances of employmentWhich factors shorten the spell of unemploymentThe intermittency of work careers and labour ‘branching’ processes Research Streams Stream One Five-year longitudinal study of workers affected by closures across the automotive industry. Stream Two A series of qualitative interviews designed to add depth to our understanding. Stream Three Discrete Choice Experiment (DCE). Stream Four Household survey in affected regions.